These instructions are meant to be a general guide for installations under normal conditions. Please read and understand this information before installation. If you have no experience with the installation of glass products obtain professional advice or use their services for the installation.
Clear glass mosaics and larger pieces that come loose, such as subway 3"x6", 4"x8", 4"x10", etc., are made of crystal glass. Mosaics are back-mounted with a fiberglass mesh. These products are made using a cold glaze application process. Clear glass tiles can be used for interior wall applications in dry locations. The only wet application acceptable is as a decorative feature in the shower walls where only intermittent exposure to water will occur.
Cement backer units and or concrete masonry block are acceptable substrates. Gypsum wallboard can be used for interior walls only. When it is installed close to hot areas (i.e. cook-tops, fireplaces and similar applications), keep the glass at a minimum safe distance of at least 6" from any source of heat or heated surface.
Verify product characteristics BEFORE installation for any visible defect and or other aspects of the product that may be questionable, such as, but not limited to: shade variation, chipped edges, and scratched surfaces. Also check for variations between ordered and supplied products.
Installation, where a claim to be defective is not caught or the material is not corresponding to customer's expectations, constitutes acceptance of the product as is" and no claims will be accepted after installation.
Never use products from different lots. Every box is labeled showing to production lot #'s, never mix these as part of the same installation.
The installation of clear glass tile requires proper surface preparation, a careful installation using a quality thinset (must be approved for glass tile Installation) and grout.
All surfaces must be between 40ºF (4ºC) to 95ºF (35ºC) and structurally sound, dry, clean, free of paint, old adhesives, sealers and curing compounds. Any contaminates that inhibit proper bond must be removed. Substrate preparation should be completed following ANSI A108 AN-2 “General Requirements for Sub-surfaces”. All substrates should be plumb and true; surface deviation should not exceed ¼” in 10’.
Applying Thinset Mortar
Apply a quality latex-modified thinset approved for use with glass or vitreous tile. Apply the mortar to the substrate with the flat side of the trowel, with enough pressure to firmly work into the surface. With a notched trowel, immediately follow with a heavier coat of material using the appropriate trowel and enough mortar to provide the necessary coverage to the back of the tile. Do not spread more mortar than can be covered in 20 minutes or before the mortar skins over. It is advised that during the installation, to remove a tile to ensure the mortar has not skinned over and check the tile and substrate mortar coverage.
Coverage of the thinset mortar is critical to the success of the installation of the tile. In submerged installations, the coverage of thinset between the substrate and tile should be a minimum of 95%. Coverage is also important, or you may see moisture between the glass tile and the substrate. Comb the mortar using an appropriate notched trowel in one direction, using the back of the trowel; flatten any notches of the mortar previous to placing the mosaic glass tile. Place tiles in mortar; beat in, to ensure proper coverage. Do not adjust tiles set in mortar after 15 minutes.
Set your sheets into the thinset layer spread on your substrate, taking care to square the sheets as you go. Sheets should be placed onto the newly troweled thinset on your surface immediately. DO NOT delay this step, or your thinset will begin to dry, and the tiles will not fully adhere to the surface. The thin-set mortar MUST cover the back of each glass piece pushing up slightly into the joints. Air bubbles not pushed out will be visible through the transparent glass and the bonding capacity of the mortar will be reduced. You can remove excess thinset from the joints, before grouting later.
Square the sheet and apply to your surface, and then "beat in"; gently with a rubber float or a beating block and a hammer to ensure 100% adhesion and a level surface. Beating in with your float or beating block across the joint between adjacent sheets will achieve a level field across the entire area. Properly beating in, and leveling will also prevent air bubbles from being trapped between the thinset and tile.
Align Grout Joints
Align each sheet carefully as it is installed to create uniform grout joints from sheet to sheet. A joint between adjacent sheets should measure the same distance as the joint between the rows of tile within a single sheet. If the joint between the sheets is wider, you will see a series of individual sheets outline on your surface, instead of a smooth, continuous field of tiles that covers the entire area.
Within 15-20 minutes of applying each section of your area, examine and straighten any joints that are not aligned. These straightening and aligning steps MUST be done while the thinset is still pliable. Do not wait until all of the sheets are installed to begin straightening the joints or the thin-set will be too dry to allow any realigning. Repeat these installation steps until all sheets have been installed. If you want to adjust the positioning of one or more glass pieces, use a sharp cutter to cut the clear film around the piece(s) in order to move as desired. Adjustments must be done immediately after or during the installation process before the setting material has dried.
After 24-48 hours (dependent on climate and relative humidity), the thinset will be cured, and the tiles will be ready for grouting.
Installation shall conform to the current method of ANSI A108.10.
Hold a rubber grout float at a 45° angle, force grout diagonally into joints ensuring joints are filled. Remove excess grout using edge of the float held at a 90° angle. Cleanup can begin as soon as the grout becomes firm enough only to be slightly indented when pushed. Do not use too much water for grout cleanup. Excess water will cause variation in color and may cause shrinkage, cracks or pinholes. Smooth and level joints in a circular motion, remove excess grout from tile with a damp small pore grout sponge. It is best to change cleaning water and rinse sponge frequently. Using clean water and sponge will enhance color uniformity.
Remove or buff grout haze from the tile surface with a soft, dry cloth.